Anders, Curt, Fighting Generals, New York, G.P. Putnnam's Son, 1965

Arnold, James R., Tet Offensive 1968, Turning Point in Vietnam. London: Reed Consumer Books

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Bible, King James; AV 1611

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Booth, Michael, Spencer, Duncan, Paratrooper : The Life of Gen. James M. Gavin


Bowden, Mark Blackhawk down!: A story of modern war. New York: Penguin Putnam Books, 1999

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Bruer, William B., Drop Zone Sicily: Allied Airborne Strike, July 1943 . Novato, California: Presidio

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Bundeswehr, organizational document received from the German liaison office, Fort

Leavenworth, Kansas: USACGSC, February 1996.

Cameron, Robert R. U.S. Army Armor Center Chief Historian, American Tank Development

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Chadwick, Timothy B., Command Sergeant Major, Death of the Combat Engineer Vehicle. Fort

Leonard-Wood, Missouri: U.S. Army Engineer magazine, December 1996.

Clancy, Tom, Armored Cav, A Guided Tour of an Armored Cavalry Regiment. New York, Berkley

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Coleman, J.D. Lieutenant Colonel (Retired USA), Choppers. New York: St. Martin's paperbacks,


Crist, Stan C. Too late the XM8?. Fort Knox, Kentucky: U.S. Army Armor magazine, January-

February 1997, pp.16-19

Crist, Stan C. The Case for the Airmobile, Amphibious Scout Vehicle. Fort Knox, Kentucky: U.S.

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Dunstan, Simon, Sarson, Peter, Foss, Christopher, Scorpion: Reconnaissance vehicle 1972-

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Ferry, Charles P. Captain, Mogadishu, October 1993: Personal Account of a Rifle Company XO.

Columbus, Georgia: U.S. Army Infantry magazine, Sept-October 1994, pp. 28-29.

Foley, Thomas C., Major General, Commander, U.S. Armor Center, Commanderís Hatch column,

Fort Knox, Kentucky: U.S. Army Armor Magazine, July-August 1990.

Franz, Wallace P., Airmechanization: The Next Generation. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: Military

Review, February 1992; pp. 59-64.

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Gameros, Charles W. Jr., 1st Lieutenant, Scout HMMWVs and Bradley CFVs.

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Ganz, Harding A. The 11th Panzers in Defense, 1944. Fort Knox, Kentucky: Armor Magazine,

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Gavin, James M., Lieutenant General, Airborne Warfare. New York: Infantry Press, 1947,

reprinted Battery Press, Nashville, Tennessee.

Grau, Lester W., Lieutenant Colonel (Retired USA), Bashing the Laser Range

Finder With A Rock. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, U.S. Army Center for Lessons

Learned [CALL] database, Foriegn Military Studies Office Branch,

Grau, Lester, Lieutenant Colonel (Retired, USA), Battle for Grozny: Russian Armored Vehicle

vulnerability in Chechnya. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, U.S. Army Center for Lessons learned [CALL] database; FMSO branch

Grow, Robert W. Major General (Retired, USA), The Lean Years, Armor Magazine, January-

February 1987, p. 23.

Gurney, Gene, A pictorial History of The United States Army, in War and Peace, from Colonial

Times to Vietnam, New York: Bonanza Books, 1966.

Hammond, Kevin J. CPT and Sherman, Frank, CPT Sheridans in Panama. Fort Knox, Kentucky;

U.S. Army Armor magazine, Mar-Apr 1990, p.8.

Headquarters, Department of the Army, TM 9-2350-277-20-1, Technical Manual Unit

Maintenance, Carrier, Personnel, Full Tracked, Armored M113A3 2350-01-219-7577, May 1987

Hogg, Ian Great Battles of World War 2. New York: Double Day, 1987.

Hornbeck, Paul A. The Wheel versus Track Dilemma. Fort Knox, Kentucky:

U.S. Army Armor magazine, March-April 1998, pp. 33-34.

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Strategic Studies.

Jackson, P, Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1996. Couldsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group Ltd.,


Keegan, John, Second World War. New York: Viking Penguin Books, 1989.

Kazmierski, Michael, Colonel (Major), United States Army Power Projection in the 21st Century:

the conventional Airborne forces must be modernized to meet the Army Chief of Staff's strategic force requirements and the Nation's future threats. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Master's Thesis, Defense Technical Information Center File # AD A226 216.

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(USMC), Sutton, Joseph W. Colonel (USA), and Wilson, Gary I. Lieutenant Colonel

(USMCR), The Changing Face of War: Into the Fourth Generation.", Quantico, Virginia: Marine Corps Gazette, October 1989, pp. 22-26.

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the 21st Century, Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997.

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Mettler, Wolfgang, Lieutenant Colonel, German Army, The German Airborne Anti-tank Battalion,

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Brompton Books Corp, 1997

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Schaeffer; Francis C., Escape from Reason, Downer's Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1983.

Sheehan, Neil, Bright Shining Lie. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.

Sherman, Frank, Major USA, Operation Just Cause: the Armor-Infantry Team in the close
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Simpkin, Richard E. Brigadier General, Race To The Swift, Thoughts on Twenty-First Century

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Sparks, Michael and Harmon, Jodie (cover art work) M113s maximize mechanized infantry

mobility and firepower in contingency ops. Fort Knox, Kentucky: U.S. Army Armor

magazine, January-February 1995

Sparks, Michael L., Improving Light Force Firepower with HMMWV mounted Recoilless Rifles.

Harmon, Jodie (HMMWV-106mm RR art work)

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Sun Tzu, Introduction by Griffith, Samuel B.; The Art of War. Oxford University Press, 1984.

Thompson, Kris P. Lieutenant Colonel USA, Trends in Mounted Warfare, Part III: Korea, Vietnam

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Thompson, Julian C., Brigadier General, United Kingdom; No Picnic: 3 Commando Brigade in the

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Thompson, Sir Robert, War in Peace: conventional and guerrilla warfare since1945. New York,

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Tugwell, Maurice A.J., Brigadier General, British Army, Is the day of the Paratrooper over?. Fort

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Van Crevald, Martin, The Transformation of War. New York: Free Press, 1991.

Walker, Jamie, Going Off-Road with the Flyer. Quantico, Virginia: Leatherneck, June 1999,

p. 24.

Wilson, Peter A. and Gordon IV, Charles Aero-motorization: pathway to the Army of 2010.

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Zumbro, Ralph, Iron chariots. New York; Simon & Schuster Pocket Books, 1998, pp. 147-174

Zumbro, Ralph, Tank Aces. New York; Simon & Schuster Pocket Books, 1998, pp. 260-261


General references

Metric conversion charts/programs

U.S. Army, Weapon Systems 1997 Fact Book, Washintgon D.C.: GPO, 1997.

Ground vehicles

U.S. Army Science Board/DARPA report excerpt on Future Ground Combat Systems (FGCS)

U.S. Army TACOM M113A3 FOV Fact Book

United Defense M113A3 brochures, 1995, 1999

United Defense MTVL brochure, 1999

United Defense M8 armored Gun system brochure, 1999

M8 Buford or Ridgway Armored Gun System:

Mak Wiesel 1 and 2 brochure, 1999

U.S. Caterpiller/German MaK Maschinebau GmbH (Wiesel Airborne light tank)
Army Technology (U.K.) web site

Wiesel family small AFVs

Piranha LAV family large wheeled AFVs

Cobra small wheeled AFVs

Future Combat System web site (Fort Knox, Kentucky, U.S. Army Armor Center and School

U.S. Army Fort Knox, Kentucky Armor Center and School Tracks versus wheels study

U.S. Army TRADOC Wheeled vs Tracked Vehicle Study Final Report, (ACN 070846) March 1985

Studies and Analysis Activity

LeVan, Mel E., A Comparison of the Mobility and Stability of Tracked and Wheeled Vehicles

Bethesda, Maryland: Marine Corps Operations Analysis Group, Center for Naval Analysis

CRM 87-152/August 1987

Robert F. Unger, MS Mobility Analysis for the TRADOC Wheeled Versus Tracked Vehicle Study

Geotechnical Laboratory, DA Waterways Experiment Station COE, Vicksburg, Technical

Report GL-88-18, Sep 1988,

Willoughby, William; Jones, Randolph; Cothren, David; Moore, Dennis W.;

Rogillio, David M. Unger, Robert F. Prickett, Terri L. U.S. Army Wheeled Versus Tracked

Vehicle Mobility Performance Test Program Technical Report GL-91-2, Report 1 Mobility in Slippery Soils and Across Gaps. Vicksburg, Mississippi: Geotechnical Laboratory, DA Waterways Experiment Station COE

U.S. Army Tank and Automotive COMmand (TACOM) briefing to industry, Wheeled and Tracked

Vehicles. Jan 2000.

Air vehicles

Air Force Technology (U.K.) web site: Lockheed-Martin C-130J Hercules

McDonnell-Douglas C-17 brochure and letter to 1st TSG (A), December 5, 1994

Military Traffic Management Command Air Deployability Engineering: C-5, C-17, C130, C-141B

U.S. Government DOT web page: Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF)

Boeing web page on the 747

TM 1-1520-237-10 Average of Performance Charts for U.S. Army helicopters
FM 1-113 Utility/Cargo Helicopters

Survivability data

UH-60L USAF aircraft loading factors

CH-47D USAF aircraft planning factors--C-17 is a no-go!

CNN footage showing Israeli AH-1 and AH-64s firing at Hezbollah positions in daylight, 19 April



Precision Guided Munitions, signature-less Russian ATGMs; 1st Special Warfare Training Group (A), Fort Bragg, NC video training tape for Career Management Field 18B Soldiers

Tactics, Techniques, Procedures Field Manuals

Field Manual 7-7 The Mechanized Infantry Platoon and Squad (APC). Washington D.C.: U.S.

Government Printing Office, U.S. Army HQ, 15 Marc 1985

FM 17-33, The Armored Battalion, September 18, 1942

Field Manual 17-98, The Scout Platoon. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government

Printing Office, US Army HQ, 1994.

Field Manual 90-4 Air Assault operations. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office,

U.S. Army HQ, March 1987)

Field Manual 90-10-1 Infantryan's guide to Combat in built-up areas

Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, U.S. Army HQ, 1993

FM 90-26 Airborne operations. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, U.S.

Army HQ, 1994

U.S. Army Student Text (ST) 100-3, Battle Book. Fort Leavenworth, KS: U.S. Army

Command and General Staff College [USACGSC], 1995.

Field Manual 100-2-3, The Soviet Army: Troops, Organization and Equipment

Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office [GPO], 1991.

FM 100-5, Operations. Washington, DC: GPO, 1993


11th ACR official web site

Bowden, Mark, Blackhawk Down! web site based on Philadelphia Enquirer newspaper series

Brueggeman, Gary, The Roman Army:

German Airborne's WWII Air-Mech-Strike combination pictures:

Korean war web site

Pike, John, Federation of American Scientists Land warfare systems web site:


Anderson, Robert, Special Markets Director, Polaris Industries, telephone interview with LTC

Richard Liebert , 28 Nov 1999.

Ferrell, Ronald Chief Warrant Officer 4, U.S. Army Aviation Center resident expert on RAH-66

capabilities, interview by Major Charles Jarnot, Fort Rucker, Alabama, 6 April 1996.

Garrett, Steve, USARNG, author of FM 7-7J section on Bradley Stingray EOCM system, personal

interview with Michael Sparks, December 5, 1999

Grusonik, Bill, United Defense LP M113A3 Engineer; March 1, 2000, e-mail to Michael Sparks on

exact M113A3 weights

Hemberger, Joe, Staff Sergeant, USAF, ATVs in USAF use. ATV Safety Trainer, Minnesota Air

National Guard, e-mail to Lieutenant Colonel Richard Liebert, 24 February 2000.

Holman, Eric Master Sergeant, USAF, ATV expert, Lackland AFB, 30 August 1999,

e-mail to LTC Richard Liebert (

Moore, Harold G., Lieutenant General (Retired, USA); telephone interview with Michael Sparks;

January 15, 2000

Parker, Bob, Flyer Group Inc, 17 Dec 1999 telephone interview with LTC Richard Liebert and

Flyer Group literature, Oct ober 1999; (

Shelton, Henry H., General, USA, CINCUSSOCOM, letter to Michael Sparks, March 14, 1997 in

response to his suggestion that SOF acquire M113A3 typearmored vehicles to be a "Ground spectre" fire support vehicle for direct action missions

Steinhauer, Dale R., resident expert on Middle East wars, interview by Major Charles Jarnot, 6 April

1996, Army Knowledge Network, USACGSC, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 6 April 1996.

Wass de Czege, Huba, Brigadier General (Retired, USA) lecture on advanced warfighting in the

early 21st century (Fort Leavenworth, KS: USACGSC, 10 January 1996).


CNN report on crossing the Sava River in Bosnia, 12 January 1995.